Business — October 28, 2021 at 4:03 pm

Different Types of Physical Access Control


Access control allows a business to regulate who is allowed to enter, when they are permitted to enter, and sometimes even which areas they are allowed to visit. There are a range of choices available to satisfy any set of safety needs, depending on the number of allowed persons and the number of zones.

Here are the 5 different kinds of access control, along with their benefits and application areas:

Control of physical access

People are utilized to securing certain access points, such as door staff, waiters, or customer service staff, for physical access control. They recognize persons who would like to enter the property and determine whether or not they are allowed to do so based on specified criteria — for instance, an individual showing a ticket before entering a music venue. This is common in heavily frequented access sites like movies, theatres, zoos, and amusement parks, where getting information from people ahead of time is difficult and verification isn’t necessary.

Controlling access by mechanical means

Mechanical tech is used to safeguard an entry point in mechanical user access scenarios. A cylinder’s lock with a proper key is a frequent instance of this, and it is usually used in residences or garages.

System of electronic access

Electronic entry control could be used to secure entry points in facilities with complex security needs. For these sorts of access, an individual must produce a cards, microchip, or other fob with the appropriate credentials to a scanner in able to pass through. This will also keep track of who has visited the region and when they did so.Instances of this are a swipe card security system.

Electronic access devices are divided into two categories:

Self-contained systems

For individual access points, these are utilized. The access choice is made directly in the independent component, based on access restrictions. Because these systems are not connected, they need less setup time than cable controls, saving time on-site and enabling for easier part retrofitting. For facilities where access control is generally not possible owing to remoteness or current site infrastructure, an independent component could be used to establish a user access solution more effectively than wired access to online control.

Independent components can also be used with standalone or online components to create a bigger access control system. Furthermore, it is simple to install offshore access points and allows for integration into larger systems. Electronic cylinders, Mechatronic (Mechanical and Electrical Combination) cylinders, and Electronic Door Locks are examples of independent components.

Online Systems

These are hooked and linked to the host system’s user access software for larger facilities with higher utilization rates. Owing to the real message flow between the hardware and the software, these systems can reach high degrees of security. There are also connections to a variety of other systems that can be included, such as an alarm system, elevators control, and so on.

Mechanical Access Control

To provide even more security, a mix of mechanical and electronic devices can be used. In this case, the electronics system validates the card/code/other media used first, and only after that can a locksmith be used to unlock the mechanical lock. This type of configuration is commonly seen in high-security workplaces, private residential structures, and server rooms.


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